Free Basic Metric Measurement Conversion Chart Download
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Grade Level/Course: Grades 35 
Lesson/Unit Plan Name: Do I Really Have to Teach Measurement? 
Rationale/Lesson Abstract: With measurement being a large component in Common Core, this lesson provides strategies to introduce and convert within the Customary Standard and Metric Systems. 
Timeframe: Recommend spending a day on each system of units. It will depend on each grade level and how many units of measurement are being taught. 
Common Core Standard(s):

Instructional Resources/Materials: Copies of Unit of Measurement Charts Items to represent relative size of different units: measuring tape, rulers, maps, beaker, dropper, pitcher, gallon jug, scale, soda bottle, etc. 
Activity/Lesson: Introduction Learning the relative size for each unit of measurement is like teaching a kindergartener recognizing numbers. They need to memorize what the number six looks like and it comes before seven and after five. But when we have kindergarteners build or draw a visual representation of the quantity of five, six, and seven next to each other, kindergarteners begin to recognize the number six to its quantity and the value compared to other numbers. We will use the same approach to introduce each unit of measurement. Build Background Use a measuring tape or ruler to draw a line that is one inch long and a line that is one foot long on the board. Ask students why our height is measured in feet and not in inches. Have students share their reasoning with their partner and with the class. Discuss with students that measuring our height in feet is a more efficient way to measure our height than in inches, because foot is a larger unit than inch. Ask students for some examples of items that will be more efficient to measure with inches (i.e. length of an arm, waist, width of desk, etc.). Activity: Unit of Measurement Hunt The following charts provide the relative size of each unit of measurement. Have samples of each measurement ready to give students visual representation of the measurement. For example, when introducing Customary Length, have items that measure an inch, a foot, a yard ready to display. You may want to show distance of one location to another on a map to represent a mile. Once students understand the relative size of each measurement, introduce the Unit of Measurement Hunt to students. Students are to find as many examples that use the specific unit of measurement and create a log. Allow students to continue the activity outside of school so they can explore measurement of items they use in their everyday life. Encourage students to work on the hunt with their families. You may have to provide some extra examples when students get to the Metric System since many of our everyday items are in the US Customary System. 
Conversion Chart
Customary Length  
12 in  1 ft 
3 ft  1 yd 
1760 yd  1 mi 
Customary Weight  
16 oz  1 lb 
2000 lb  1 ton 
Customary Capacity  
8 fl oz  1 c 
2 c  1 pt 
2 pt  1 qt 
4 qt  1 gal 
Metric Length  
10 mm  1 cm 
100 cm  1 m 
1000 m  1 km 
Metric Mass  
1000 mg  1 g 
1000 g  1 kg 
Metric Capacity  
1000 mL  1 L 
Customary Length
shorter longer
inch in
olive
foot ft
footlong
sandwich
yard yd
baseball
bat
mile mi
4 laps around the track
Customary Weight
lighter heavier
ounce oz
screw
pound lb
bag of flour
ton T
truck
Customary Capacity
smaller larger
fluid ounce fl oz
bottle of nail polish
cup c
glass of orange juice
pint pt
small carton of icecream
quart qt
large juice bottle
gallon gal
jug of milk
Metric Length
shorter longer
millimeter
mm
thickness of a dime
centimeter
cm
width of your pinky finger
meter m
height of a guitar
kilometer
km
3 laps around the track
Metric Mass
smaller larger
milligram mg
a leaf
gram g
a thumbtack
kilogram kg
a genuine gold coin
Metric Capacity
smaller larger
milliliter mL
a dropper
liter L
a large soda bottle
Converting Unit of Measurements:
Function tables and decomposition can be used to convert any unit of measurement within the same measurement system.
Example #1
How many inches are in 4 feet?
First, we need to know how many inches are in one foot. 1 foot = 12 inches
Line Model
Now we can start building our line model with 1 foot on one line and the equivalent 12 inches on the line below it. Since we need to find out how many inches are in 4 feet, we will build our model piecebypiece until we reach 4 feet.
Unit of Measurement  
feet  1 ft  1 ft  1 ft  1 ft 
inches  12 in  12 in  12 in  12 in 
Now we can add our feet and inches to
1 ft ï€½
1 ft ï€½
1 ft ï€½
12in 12in
12in
Is there a shorter way to show this
4ï‚´1 ft ï€½ 4 ft
4ï‚´12in ï€½ 48in
find out how
ï€«1 ft ï€½ ï€«12in
repeated
many inches addition?
are in 4 feet.
4 ft ï€½
48in
Function Table Decomposition
There
(x) ft  (y) in 
1  12 
2  24 
3  36 
4  48 
x(12)  y 
unit ï‚·
conversion equivalent unit
Rule: 12x ï€½ y or x ï€½ y
12
âˆ´ There are 48 inches in 4 feet
*Discuss with students which rule is best for finding feet to inches and which is best for inches to feet.
You Try
ï€½ 4 ft ï‚· 12in
1 ft
ï€½ 4 ft ï‚· 12in
1 1 ft
ï€½ 4 ï‚· ft ï‚·12 ï‚· in
ft
ï€½ 4 ï‚·12 ï‚· in
ï€½ 48 ï‚· in
ï€½ 48in
*This method can be challenging for 5th grade students. Introduce this method based on your studentsâ€™ abilities.
How many feet are in 84 inches? Solve using two different methods.
Example #2
How many meters are in 600 centimeters?
100cm=1m
Line Model
Unit of Measurement  
meters  1 m  1 m  1 m  1 m  1 m  1 m 
centimeters  100 cm  100 cm  100 cm  100 cm  100 cm  100 cm 
1m ï€½ 1m ï€½ 1m ï€½ 1m ï€½ 1m ï€½
100cm 100cm 100cm 100cm 100cm
6ï‚´1m ï€½ 6m
Or 6ï‚´100cm ï€½ 600cm
ï€«1m ï€½ ï€«100cm
6m ï€½
600cm
Function Table Decomposition
(x) m  (y) cm 
1  100 
2  200 
3  300 
4  400 
5  500 
6  600 
x(100)  y 
unit ï‚·
conversion equivalent unit
ï€½ 600cm ï‚·
1m 100cm
ï€½ 600cm ï‚· 1m
You Try
Rule: 100x ï€½ y or x ï€½ y
100
âˆ´ There are 6 meters in 600 centimeters.
1 100cm
ï€½ 600 ï‚· cm ï‚· m
100 ï‚· cm
ï€½ 6 ï‚·100 ï‚· m
100
ï€½ 6 ï‚· m
ï€½ 6m
How many centimeters are in 9 meters?
Example #3
Stacy went to the craft store to buy 2 yards of yarn to knit a scarf. The yarns she wants are measured in inches. How many inches of yarn does Stacy need?
First convert yards to feet, then convert the feet to inches.
Line Model
1y ï€½
3 ft
Unit of Measurement  
yards  1 y  1 y 
feet  3 ft  3 ft 
ï€«1y ï€½ ï€«3 ft 2ï‚´1y ï€½ 2 y
2 y ï€½
6 ft Or
2ï‚´ 3 ft ï€½ 6 ft
We know that 2 yards is equal to 6 feet. Now we will find how many inches are in 6 feet.
Unit of Measurement  
feet  1 ft  1 ft  1 ft  1 ft  1 ft  1 ft 
inches  12 in  12 in  12 in  12 in  12 in  12 in 
1 ft ï€½
1 ft ï€½
1 ft ï€½
1 ft ï€½
1 ft ï€½
12in 12in 12in 12in 12in
Or 6ï‚´1 ft ï€½ ft
6ï‚´12in ï€½ 72in
ï€«1 ft ï€½ ï€«12in
6 ft ï€½
72in
2 yards = 6 feet = 72 inches
Function Tables
Yards to Feet
(x) y  (y) ft 
1  3 
2  6 
x(3)  y 
Rule: 3x ï€½ y or x ï€½ y
3
Feet to Inches
Rule: 12 y ï€½ z or
y ï€½ z
(y) ft  (z) in 
1  12 
2  24 
3  36 
4  48 
5  60 
6  72 
y(12)  z 
12
Decomposition
know unit ï‚·
conversion y
conversion z
equivalent unit equivalent unit
ï€½ 2 yd ï‚· 3 ft ï‚· 12in
1yd 1 ft
ï€½ 2 yd ï‚· 3 ft ï‚· 12in
1 1yd 1 ft
ï€½ 2 ï‚· yd ï‚· 3 ï‚· ft ï‚·12 ï‚· in
yd ï‚· ft
ï€½ 2 ï‚· 3 ï‚·12 ï‚· in
ï€½ 6 ï‚·12 ï‚· in
ï€½ 72 ï‚· in
ï€½ 72in
âˆ´ Stacy will need 72 inches of yarn.
You Try
Ken is baking a cake for his momâ€™s birthday. The cake recipe he is using requires 48 fluid ounces of milk. How many pints of milk will Ken need to buy from the store?
Example #4
Tracy and her sisters are selling lemonade. Tracy made 1 liter of lemonade, Stacy made 2.5 liters of lemonade and Macy made 3500 milliliter of lemonade. How many total milliliters of lemonade did the sisters have to sale?
Line Model
Unit of Measurement liters milliliters
(x) L  (y) mL  
0.5 L  0.5 L  0.5 L  0.5 L  0.5 L  
0.5  500  
500 mL  500 mL  500 mL  500 mL  500 ml  
1  1000  
1.5  1500  
2  2000  
2.5  2500 
0.5L ï€½
0.5L ï€½
0.5L ï€½
L ï€½
500mL
500mL
500mL
500mL
Function Table
ï€«0.5L ï€½ ï€«500mL
2.5L ï€½ 2500mL
We know 0.5L+0.5L is equal to 1L, so 1L is equal to 1000mL and 2.5L is equal to 2500mL.
Tracy
Stacy
Macy
1 L
2.5 L
3500 mL
1000 mL
2500 mL
3500 mL
Total milliliters of lemonade
ï€½ 1L ï€« 2.5L ï€« 3500mL
ï€½ 1000mL ï€« 2500mL ï€« 3500mL
ï€½ 1000mL ï€« 2000mL ï€« 500mL ï€« 3000mL ï€« 500mL
ï€½ 6000mL ï€«1000mL
ï€½ 7000mL
âˆ´ The sisters have a total of 7000 milliliter of lemonade to sale.
You Try
Jackson, Antonio and Scott are training for a relay team. During practice, Jackson ran 3.5 kilometers, Antonio ran 2075 meters and Scott ran 4.5 kilometers. How many kilometers did they ran all together?
Assessment:
Which of the following unit of measurement is equivalent to 1 gallon?
4 cups
4 quarts
8 pints
8 fluid ounces
â’¶ Yes â’· No
â’¶ Yes â’· No
â’¶ Yes â’· No
â’¶ Yes â’· No
How many ounces are in 5 pounds? Solve using two different methods.
Assessment: Solution
Which of the following unit of measurement is equivalent to 1 gallon?
4 cups
4 quarts
8 pints
8 fluid ounces
â’¶ Yes No
Yes â’· No
Yes â’· No
â’¶ Yes No
How many ounces are in 5 pounds? Solve using two different methods.
I know there are 16 ounces to 1 pound.
Line Model
Unit of Measurement  
pound  1 lb  1 lb  1 lb  1 lb  1 lb 
ounces  16 oz  16 oz  16 oz  16 oz  16 oz 
1lb ï€½  16oz  
1lb ï€½  16oz  
1lb ï€½ 1lb ï€½  16oz 16oz  Or  5ï‚´1lb ï€½ 5lbs 5ï‚´16oz ï€½ 80oz 
ï€«1lb ï€½ ï€«16oz
5lb ï€½
Function Table
80oz
(x) lb  (y) oz 
1  16 
2  32 
3  48 
4  64 
5  80 
x(16)  y 
Rule: 16x ï€½ y or x ï€½ y
16
âˆ´ 5 lbs = 80oz
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